The Terms Roofing Contractors Use When Discussing Projects in Chicago

Understanding the terminology used by roofing contractors when discussing projects in Chicago is crucial for effective communication and ensuring clarity throughout the roofing process. Here are some key terms:

  • Shingles: Roofing materials made of various materials like asphalt, wood, metal, or slate, used to cover and protect the roof’s surface.
  • Flashing: Thin metal strips installed around roof penetrations, such as chimneys and vents, to prevent water leakage.
  • Underlayment: A water-resistant layer installed beneath the shingles to provide additional protection against moisture.
  • Soffit: The underside of the roof overhang, aiding in attic ventilation and regulating temperature and moisture.
  • Fascia: The vertical board along the roof edge, supporting the gutter system and providing a finished appearance.
  • Ridge: The highest point where two opposing roof slopes meet, typically covered with ridge shingles or vents.
  • Eaves: The lower edges of the roof overhanging the walls, often equipped with soffits for ventilation.
  • Valley: The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof surfaces, requiring proper flashing for waterproofing.
  • Pitch: The steepness or slope of the roof, expressed as a ratio of vertical rise to horizontal run.
  • Ice dam: A ridge of ice that forms at the roof edge, hindering drainage and potentially causing water damage.

    Understanding these terms facilitates clear communication with roofing contractors and ensures confidence throughout your roofing project in Chicago.


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